The Best Climbing Resource Guide

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Rock climbing is a popular sport for those looking for a few thrills and adrenaline surges along with breathtaking views that can’t be matched. Beginners need to start slowly, finding a qualified guide who will teach the basics.

Types of Climbing

Many different disciplines fall under the category of rock climbing. Each type of climbing requires specific training and gear.

  • Indoor climbing is ideal for beginners who need to learn some basic skills. Indoor climbing usually enables climbers to rent gear.
  • Bouldering involves climbing parallel to the ground without risking injury from long falls. Bouldering is great for beginners, because the gear is limited to shoes and a crash pad.
  • Top-Rope climbing utilizes a climbing rope that is anchored to the rocks at a top spot on the climbing route. A climber climbs toward the anchor point, and another climber holds the rope taut.
  • Sport climbing is similar to top-rope climbing, except the bolts are drilled into the rock. Climbers clip onto the rope with quickdraws.
  • Traditional climbing is best left to the experts because it involves careful anchor placement into fissures present in the rock. Quickdraws enable climbers to connect to ropes.

Gear and Equipment

Climbers can either rent or purchase their gear. Frequent use of climbing gear results in wear and tear. It’s important to inspect gear carefully before using it.

  • Climbing clothing needs to breathe and wick away sweat. Outdoor climbing requires extra clothing for changing weather conditions.
  • Climbing shoes protect feet and give adequate footholds. Climbers should wear climbing shoes only for climbing and for no other activity.
  • A climbing helmet cushions the head for impacts from falls and falling debris.
  • A climbing harness consists of a snug waist belt and two leg loops.
  • Chalk absorbs perspiration on the hands to keep grips tight.
  • Carabiners are metal rings that connect to the climbing rope.
  • A belay device enables the belayer to control the climbing rope.
  • Climbing ropes may be dynamic with some elasticity or static without stretchiness.
  • Climbing protection includes components that help climbers set anchors and place protection.
  • Crash pads are foam pads positioned on the ground under a climber to cushion a landing.

Training and Safety

Rock climbing uses many muscles, and climbers need to develop overall good health, body strength, balance, and endurance. Full-body workouts are helpful for gaining strength. For best results, start training about eight weeks before a climbing expedition.

  • Focus on exercise to develop upper body strength, but build strength in legs, too.
  • Build endurance to climb continuously for a long time.
  • Work on balance for good body positioning on a rock face.
  • Work with an expert guide to get help preparing for a safe climb.

Additional Resources